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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 271-275

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma: A rare case report


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vinayak Gourish Naik
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere - 577 004, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_54_15

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Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare type of sarcoma that is characterized by benign-appearing histologic features but a paradoxically aggressive clinical course. Recognition of this lesion is important because of its indolent but metastasizing nature. These tumors generally occur in young to middle-aged adults, sometimes in children, but rarely in the high-aged adults. LGFMS typically affects the deep soft tissues of the trunk or lower extremities: however, it is rarely seen on the maxillofacial region. Here, we describe a case of LGFMS on the left lower one-third region of the face of a 35-year-old male patient with a 6-month history. On gross examination, the resected specimen consisted of an open ovoid mass of 2 cm × 2 cm × 1 cm. Light microscopy revealed well-circumscribed myxoid tumor with hypocellular areas in nodules merging to collagenized areas. Immunohistochemical examination revealed diffuse positivity to vimentin, whereas tests for desmin, S-100 protein were negative, thus confirming the diagnosis. After the initial healing of the surgical wound, the patient was advised 30 cycles of radiotherapy. Recurrence and metastasis have not been observed for 1 year of surgical excision now. Due to the notably indolent nature of LGFMS, long-term follow-up is necessary to evaluate its clinical course


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