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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 181-187

Does an autogenous demineralized dentin (ADDM) graft has the ability to form a new bone?


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jigar M Dhuvad
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_12_19

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Aim: This aimed to evaluate a new bone formation and to provide a single-stage treatment, i.e., extraction of tooth followed by autogenous dentin demineralized (ADDM) graft in the same extraction socket (ES) – for adult patients who require tooth extraction. Materials and Methods: Two hundred teeth extractions were performed to investigate the efficacy of ADDM graft in the formation of new bone. After demineralization of dentin graft parameters such as exposure of graft, any signs of infections/pus/exudates, pain, and bone density were evaluated. Results: On follow-up, exposure of graft was recorded in five sockets at 1 month and infection was recorded in four sockets. Pain was significantly high at postoperative day 1 and least with 3rd and 6th months. There was a highly significant bone formation (P < 0.01, 0.05) in the ES group at various time intervals, while there were no significant differences in the adjacent bone group. Conclusion: Using ADDM graft in providing a single-stage treatment plan, i.e., extraction of tooth followed by autogenous demineralized dentin graft in the same ES in adult patients – is an alternative for the immediate reconstruction of alveolar bone defects to facilitate the future prosthesis. It also saves the cost of other graft materials which are commercially available in market for the patient and also reduces the infective dental waste globally.


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