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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 231-235

Prevalence of maxillectomy defects among patients visiting in an institutionalized hospital setting: A prospective, single-institute study


1 Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Private Practitioner, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mayank Singh
Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_61_20

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Introduction: The rehabilitation of a patient undergone maxillectomy requires a prosthesis that provides with the optimum appearance and functional results. Scarce literature has been published regarding the prevalence of maxillary defects related to palatal obturator prosthesis. This study evaluates the incidence of the maxillectomy defects among different age groups, gender, side involved, and etiology. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study of maxillectomy defects cases which reported and were treated in the department over a period of 2 years (2015–2017). Information regarding general identification, gender, and age at which the patient was operated for surgical resection of the maxilla or diagnosis of the tumor, affected side and etiology, and the time lag between surgical resection and rehabilitation was recorded from the clinical records of the patients. Results: A total of 30 patients reported to the department in the 2 years. However, the detailed data were available for only 22 patients, and these patients were treated in the department. Information regarding general identification, gender, and age at which the patient was operated for surgical resection of maxilla or diagnosis of the tumor, affected side and etiology, and the time lag between surgical resection and rehabilitation was recorded from the clinical records of the patients. Conclusion: The finding of the study revealed a predominance of the males being more affected, with the predominance of the left side involvement over the right side, with most frequently involved the age group of 21–40 years, and the etiology revealed the predominance of carcinoma of the maxilla for its resection.


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