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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 202-205

Cancers of upper gingivobuccal sulcus, hard palate and maxilla: A tertiary care centre study in North India

Department of Surgical Oncology, King George Medical College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijay Kumar
Department of Surgical Oncology, King George Medical College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-5950.127652

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Introduction: Oral cancer is the sixth most common malignancy in the world, and the third most common in southeast Asia. Cancers of the upper gingivo-buccal complex are uncommon and reported infrequently. In this article, we have assessed the clinicopathological features of such cancers and their optimal management. Materials and Methods: We studied 64 patients with cancer of the upper gingivobuccal sulcus (GBS), hard palate, and maxilla seen between February 2009 and 2013 over a span of 4 years. Results: Of the 64 patients studied, 45 were male. The mean age at presentation was 50.59 years (24-80 years). Of the 64, 48 patients (75%) had a history of substance abuse in the form of tobacco chewing, smoking or alcohol. On presentation, 48 of the 64 patients (75%) had T4 disease, eight had T3, six had T2 lesion, one had T1 lesion, and 1 patient had a neck recurrence with distant metastatic disease (Tx). Out of the 64 patients, 31 had clinically palpable neck disease and two patients had distant metastatic disease. Of the 64 patients, 58 had squamous cell carcinoma, two had adenoid cystic carcinoma of the hard palate and one patient each had melanoma, sarcoma, neuroendocrine tumor, and mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Following imaging, 18 patients (28.13%) underwent upfront surgery and six following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. 14 of the 24 patients operated had simultaneous neck dissection. 2 patients with distant metastasis and 1 with cavernous sinus thrombosis received palliative chemotherapy. Out of the 64 patients, the other 24 who were inoperable were referred to radiotherapy. Conclusion: Upper GBS, hard palate and maxilla cancers are uncommon and are diagnosed at an advanced stage due to delay in presentation and ignorance of our population. Surgery offers the best form of treatment. NACT may be tried to downstage the disease in selected patients with borderline operable disease. However, generous margins should be taken post chemotherapy with concomitant neck dissection. Adjuvant radiotherapy is recommended in selected patients after surgery.

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