|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 101-106
Herbs and surgery
Vibha Singh, Shadab Mohammad, Nimisha Singh
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, C.S.M. Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||9-Oct-2012|
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, C.S.M. Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Singh V, Mohammad S, Singh N. Herbs and surgery. Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2012;3:101-6
The WHO estimates that 80% of the world population is presently using the traditional medicines for their primary healthcare needs. Ancient people were fully aware of rich potential of herbs for curing different types of ailments. Ayurveda comes from the Sanskrit words Ayush-life and Veda- Wisdom or sciences. Ayurveda is considered the mother of medicines and has spread throughout the world in many forms. Rig veda is the oldest book in the library of the man (5000 BC). Ayurveda is the greatest source of ethnic medical knowledge in the present day scenario of man's health and diseases need fast rejuvenation. The dental and medical team must be aware of oral products containing herbs and supplements and should recognize potentially dangerous combinations between various herbs supplements and drugs commonly used in dentistry and medical practice.
The new herbal medicine breathing a new life in it. Herbs with the medicinal properties are used as full and effective source of treatment for various disease processes. Extracting the chemicals rather than using the whole plant eliminates such active ingredient as mineral, volatile oils, bioflavonoids, and other substances that support a particular herb's medicinal properties. Isolated or synthesized compound may have harmful side effects because they are so concentrated.
Not all the plants are beneficial; certain herbs may be toxic, especially when used for long period of time or in too great amount.
However, herbs and vitamins are vastly more safe than pharmaceutical drugs. Taking these medications with other drugs is frequently contraindicated. One should be cautious when taking it and should tell their treating doctors about consumption of the herbal products. In this article, I would like to list number and names of the drugs which are commonly used in dental treatments and the drug interaction. The widespread use of herbal supplements makes it important for dental surgeons, surgeons, and physicians to know about drug, food interaction, herbs and drugs interaction, and side effects of the herbal medications when taken together with allopathic medications, which can lead to serous complications if ignored.
| Anti-stress Plants|| |
All the humans do not have the capability (immunity) to fight a disease; thus, prevention and cure through increased immunity are needed in many cases. Ocimum sanctum, Withania somnifera, Picrorhiza kurroa, Diospyros peregrina, Panax ginseng, Eleutherococcus, Selaginella bryopteris showed a staminator effect of these herbs. Stress is a physiological phenomenon which when continues for long and in excess become pathological and cause several disease or complete exhaustion and even death. The stress can lead to various diseases affecting head and neck region like aphthous ulcers, Lichen planus, Submucous fibrosis, and oral cancers.
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| Food and Drugs|| |
Herbal extracts are effective because of the interaction with specific chemical receptor within the body. Form a pharmcoprospective perspective, herbal extract as drug themselves.
The food is not just mixture of nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins, but also something that satiates the mind and the soul also that gives life a meaning. Ayurveda lays a strong emphasis on the knowledge of the food articles which may or may not be used at a time. The two food recopies which are not to be taken together are known as Virudhdraya (antagonist) as milk or sweet with fish, meat, or any sore fruit, honey and ghee, honey and oil; these antagonist materials act like poison on the body tissue if taken together. There are same kind of interactions.
Dietary supplements can also cause harmful reactions by interacting chemically with prescribing drugs. Herbal supplement can also cause side effects on their own or when combined with prescribed medications. The supplements may be natural and from a natural source it may work in the same way as drugs. The most common side effects of the herbal medication resulting from the drug interaction between drugs used in dentistry and herbal drugs is bleeding. Increased bleeding during dental procedure dental surgeries can cause variety of complications. 
| Use of Herbs for Cleaning Teeth (Brushing)|| |
The chewing stick is widely used in Asian and African countries as an oral hygiene aid in place of tooth brush. Sticks from different species of plants and within one stick, the chemically active component may be heterogeneous. Crude extract of one species Serinda wrecker inhibit the periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides melaninogenicus in vitro. The active component of Nigerian chewing stick (Fagara zanthoxyloides) was found to consist of various alkaloids. -The twigs contain volatile oils which stimulate blood circulation, tannins that tighten and cleanse gum tissue and other materials, such as vitamin C which maintains the healthy gums. In Asia, people often use twigs of the neem tree. Neem, Tulsi, Curcumin, Garlic, Olive oil are being explored for their antimicrobial properties in in vitro studies. 
| References|| |
|1.||Sharma RK, Arora R. Herbal drugs: A twenty First Century Perspective, First Edition. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher (P) Ltd; 2006. |
|2.||WHO guidelines for assessing quality of herbal medicines with reference to contaminants and residues. Publications of the World Health Organization WHO Press, World Health Organization: 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland; 2007. |
|3.||Joy PP, Thomas J, Samuel M, Skaria BP. Medicinal Plants. Kerala: Agricultural University Aromatic and Medicinal Plant Research Station; 1998. |
|4.||WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants Vol. 1. World Health Organization 1999. Printed in Malta 97/11795-Best -set /Interprint -6500. NLM classification QV766, 1999. |
|5.||Common plants poisonous to livestock in Maryland. Database of University of Maryland. Available from http://extension.umd.edu/publications/pdfs/fs721.pdf |
|6.||Herbalism available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbalism. |
|7.||Herbal care of gums and teeth. Available from: http://www.sthealthsource.com [Last accessed on 2012 Aug 28]. |