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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 163-168

Maxillary unicystic ameloblastoma: A review of the literature


1 Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
2 Rajasthan Dental College, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Fahad M Samadi
1/40, Vipul Khand Gomti Nagar, Lucknow
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-5950.94472

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The term unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) refers to those cystic lesions that show clinical, radiographic, or gross features of a jaw cyst, but on histologic examination show a typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity, with or without luminal and/or mural tumor growth. Although the histology suggests that cystic ameloblastomas follow a biologically low-grade course, recent evidence suggests that they may often behave clinically as aggressive tumors. This is supported by the high incidence of cortical perforation, tooth resorption, increase in lesion size, bony destruction, and a high rate of recurrence after simple enucleation. Here, the authors present a case report on unicystic variant of ameloblastoma in the maxilla. An attempt has been made to emphasize that it can involve the maxillary jaw, which is rarely affected and could be more aggressive than previously thought. A literature review on the topic has been added along with the case report. It is important to remember that a proper and timely diagnosis of the character and extent of a UA (with a thorough histopathologic examination of the entire specimen) can help in the overall long-term well-being of the patient.


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