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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-46

Expression of p53 protein and ki-67 antigen in oral premalignant lesions and oral squamous cell carcinomas: An immunohistochemical study

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Maitri College of Dentistry and Research Centre, Durg, India

Correspondence Address:
S Humayun
H.No.10-2-283/A/2, 1st Floor, Near Shantinagar Police Quarters, Vijayanagar Colony, Hyderabad- 500057, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-5950.85852

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Aim: To study expression of p53 protein and ki-67 antigen in normal, non-dysplastic, dysplastic, premalignant and malignant lesions of the oral mucosa. Materials and Methods: The standard immunohistochemical method along with MIB-1 and DO-7; DAKO antibodies was used to study the expression of p53 and ki-67 in paraffin-embedded tissue specimens. Results: All samples studied showed positive staining for p53 and ki-67. Only one case each from leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) groups showed negative staining for ki-67. The staining was confined to basal layer in most of the cases except OSCC in which it was seen in all layers. The intensity of staining was moderate to intense. The percentage of p53-positive cells in normal mucosa was 15-25% which was increased to 95% in malignant mucosa. Statistical analysis revealed that the expression of p53 and ki-67 increases as normal oral mucosa becomes dysplastic and undergoes malignant transformation. Conclusion: These results emphasize the potential use of p53 protein and ki-67 antigen as markers of malignant transformation and carcinogenesis in oral premalignant lesions, conditions and OSCC, respectively; and in future they may serve as prognostic tools in the early detection of malignant transformation in oral premalignant lesions and conditions.

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