National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117--122

Minimally invasive transgingival implant therapy: A literature review


Manoj Kumar Yadav1, Umesh Pratap Verma2, Harshil Parikh2, Manisha Dixit2 
1 Department of Dental Surgery, BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Umesh Pratap Verma
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
India

Transgingival (flapless) implant placement procedure is a minimally invasive surgical technique in which implant is placed without reflecting mucoperiosteal flap and hence the blood supply of bone is not hampered which is advantageous in many ways. To compare the outcomes of various implant placement techniques, an electronic database of various journals from January 1990 to March 2017 were analyzed and only human clinical trials with 6 months follow-up and at least five implants in each group were reviewed. The present literature review focuses on the comparative aspects of flapped versus flapless implants in terms of their survival, marginal bone loss, soft-tissue parameters, and patient-centered outcomes. When the proper protocol is followed by experienced surgeons, no significant difference was observed in survival rate, marginal bone loss, and keratinized mucosal width between flapless and conventional flap technique. Although transgingival approach for implant placement is reported to significantly reduce the surgical time, increased patient comfort and acceptance, i.e. the patient centered outcomes such as postoperative pain, swelling, and visual analog score, are minimized. Hence, it is concluded that transgingival (flapless) implant placement technique is well accepted by the patient with potential outcomes as compared to the conventional implant placement approach.


How to cite this article:
Yadav MK, Verma UP, Parikh H, Dixit M. Minimally invasive transgingival implant therapy: A literature review.Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2018;9:117-122


How to cite this URL:
Yadav MK, Verma UP, Parikh H, Dixit M. Minimally invasive transgingival implant therapy: A literature review. Natl J Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Dec 11 ];9:117-122
Available from: http://www.njms.in/article.asp?issn=0975-5950;year=2018;volume=9;issue=2;spage=117;epage=122;aulast=Yadav;type=0