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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 132-135

A simplified approach in the management of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Punjab Government Dental College, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gurmej Singh Warval
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Punjab Government Dental College, Amritsar, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_1_19

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Osteochondroma of condyle is an exophytic lesion that arises from the cortex of bone and is capped with cartilage. It is one of the most common benign tumors of the bone. It usually appears in endochondral bones. In the mandible, it occurs most frequently at the condyle or coronoid processes. There has been ambiguity in understanding the nature of osteochondroma, whether it is neoplastic or just a reactive phenomenon. Here, we are presenting a case report of a 43-year-old male patient with a chief complaint of deviation of jaw toward the right side and progressive facial asymmetry for the past 1 year. There was an asymmetric prognathism of the lower jaw with ipsilateral open bite and contralateral crossbite. The patient was planned for surgery under general anesthesia. The tumor was dissected from its soft-tissue attachments, and then, complete excision of the tumor was done. Histopathological examination of the lesion showed a proliferation of bony and hyalinized cartilage-like tissues. Two-year postoperative follow-up was uneventful, and no second surgical intervention was required. Computed tomography scan after 2-year follow-up revealed no reoccurrence of lesion, and the patient's facial profile was significantly improved.


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