Oral squamous cell carcinoma profile in North-Eastern regions of India from habits to histopathology: A hospital-based study
Parikshit Sharma1, Tushar Deb2, Jay Gopal Ray2, Akhilesh Kumar Singh3, Gautam Gupta4, Abhishek Das4, Shweta Srivastava5
1 Department of Oral Pathology, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Dr. R. Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Economics, Faculty of Arts, Jadav Pur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Dr. Parikshit Sharma
Department of Oral Pathology, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Head and neck cancers constitute about 5%–8% of total body cancers in Europe, America, but in India, this figure is somewhat higher. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current burden of oral cancers in India, particularly North-East India.
Materials and Methods: A full-length study starting from patient counseling to clinical and histopathological examination and grading was planned. The study was conducted under the guidance of clinician, oral surgeon, oral pathologists, and statistician.
Results: In the 3 years study, all the patients with oral lesions are examined clinically, out of them suspected oral cancer patients were histopathologically confirmed as oral squamous cell carcinoma patient. The socioeconomic profile of oral cancer patients in relation to all examined patients was summarized, and results are drawn.
Conclusion: The studied population is heavily indulgent tobacco consumption. Education for cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment is needed.