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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 95-101

Bone augmentation as an adjunct to dental implant rehabilitation in patients with diabetes mellitus: A review of literature


Department of Prosthodontics, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhawana Tiwari
Department of Prosthodontics, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_16_17

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The aim of the present article is to review the success of bone augmentation performed as an adjunct to dental implant rehabilitation in patients with diabetes mellitus. A literature review was conducted in PubMed on this topic, which yielded a total of 102 publications. For inclusion, publications had to be human studies, written in English language and should report on the success of bone augmentation as an adjunct to dental implant rehabilitation in diabetic patients. After screening the titles and abstracts, 11 full texts publications were obtained, of which seven were included in the review. These studies provided data on various bone augmentation techniques such as sinus floor elevation (SFE), guided bone regeneration (GBR), and onlay bone grafting. Even though the current review revealed that there are not many studies reporting data relevant to the analyzed topic, the data obtained suggests that; (1) staged GBR technique should be considered more feasible and predictable for bone augmentation, (2) clinicians must take meticulous care when planning and conducting SFE, and (3) block bone augmentation technique should be avoided.


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