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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 136-143

A review of complications of odontogenic infections


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JN Kapoor DAV (C) Dental College and Hospital, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rishi Kumar Bali
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JN Kapoor DAV (C) Dental College and Hospital, Yamunanagar, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-5950.183867

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Life-threatening infections of odontogenic or upper airway origin may extend to potential spaces formed by fascial planes of the lower head and upper cervical area. Complications include airway obstruction, mediastinitis, necrotizing fascitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, sepsis, thoracic empyema, Lemierre's syndrome, cerebral abscess, orbital abscess, and osteomyelitis. The incidence of these “space infections” has been greatly reduced by modern antibiotic therapy. However, serious morbidity and even fatalities continue to occur. This study reviews complications of odontogenic infections. The search done was based on PubMed and Google Scholar, and an extensive published work search was undertaken. Advanced MEDLINE search was performed using the terms “odontogenic infections,” “complications,” and “risk factors.”


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