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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-46

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Akhilanand Chaurasia
C/O Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George Medical University, Lucknow - 226003, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-5950.140171

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Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare condition that can occur as an isolated disease, chromosomal abnormality, or as part of a number of syndromes. The gingival enlargement in HGF can be so severe that it can cover the crowns of teeth completely, causing severe functional derangement and facial disfigurement. Through review of literature revealed that HGF is usually an autosomal dominant condition, however the recessive forms are also reported. The hyperplastic gingiva is firm on palpation and has normal color with abundant stippling on the adjacent gingiva. The buccal and lingual gingiva may be involved in both the mandible and maxilla. The degrees of gingival enlargement show both intra- and interindividual variations. Here, an interesting case report of massive HGF has been presented.


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