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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 142-150

Dental implant survival in diabetic patients; review and recommendations


1 Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, PIDS, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajendra Kumar Dubey
Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-5950.127642

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Rising population of diabetic individuals across the world has become a big concern to the society. The persistent hyperglycemia may affect each and every tissue and consequently results in morbidity and eventually mortality in diabetic patients. A direct negative response of diabetes has been observed on oral tissues with few contradictions however, little are known about effect of diabetes on dental implant treatment and the consequent results. Many studies concerned with osteointegration and prognosis of dental implant in diabetic patients have been conducted and published since 1994. These studies have been critically reviewed to understand the impact of diabetes on the success of dental implant and the factors to improve osseointegration and consequently survival of dental implant in diabetic patients. Theoretical literatures and studies in diabetic animals substantiate high failure rate of implants but most of clinical studies indicated statistically insignificant failure of dental implants even in moderately uncontrolled diabetic patients. Success of dental implant in well and fairly controlled diabetic patients with proper treatment planning, prophylactic remedies and adequate postsurgical maintenance appears as good as normal individuals.


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